Civil War Quarter Plate Tintype of 29th or 31st Connecticut Colored Infantry Sergeant
Hand-tinted, quarter plate tintype of an unidentified Union Infantry Sergeant dressed in uniform, his "sergeant" sleeve bands highlighted in yellow, and wearing an untrimmed slouch hat. The subject, believed to be from either the 29th or 31st Connecticut Colored Infantry, is seated in front of a studio backdrop showing an illustrated camp scene.
Following the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation in January 1863, the US Department of War issued General Order No. 143 in May of 1863, which established the Bureau of Colored Troops. The following November, during a special session of the Connecticut General Assembly, a bill allowing Governor William A. Buckingham to organize regiments of “colored” infantry was proposed and later authorized. This bill called for volunteers to form the 29th Regiment Colored Volunteers. The response was strong, and by January 1864, over 1,200 African Americans flocked to the 29th Connecticut along with over 400 men that joined another colored regiment, the 30th, and eventually 31st Connecticut Volunteer Infantry Regiments. (Information obtained from Connecticut History Website, Oct. 5, 2015.)
Tintype with some surface damage.