circa 1833; highly detailed copy of document, printed on thin paper, considered best copy of original after time of signing, 25 x 30 1/2 in. , in matted presentation ebonized and gilt wood frame; In 1820 John Quincy Adams, Secretary of State was concerned over state of original document and with Congressional approval commissioned William J. Stone to engrave a facsimile copy for preservation. In 1833 Peter Force was commissioned to make copies, to be known as "American Archives a Documentary History of the English Colonies in North America," using the original William Stone copper plates.
Fold marks and wrinkles, otherwise in very good condition. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS, July 30, 2019: Based on over 40 years' experience handling books and works on paper, Alex Cooper's expert is confident that this is an item printed in the first half of the 19th Century. The intersecting folds provide additional evidence that it was once bound into a book, and the tears are consistent with the folding and unfolding of a large sheet in a book. The restoration is quite competent, though there is a little bit of overlap where a couple of the tears have been repaired, which is again consistent with a large sheet from the period. We should note that the suggestion that the document is on "rice paper" in a Heritage description is erroneous. The document is printed on a thin, machine-made wove paper typical of the 2nd quarter of the 19th Century. Paper made with rice or mulberry fibers was not typically available in the United States at that time. Also the sheet is too large to have been produced by hand, let alone in quantities large enough for the publication of the American Archives. The printed text is about 23 3/4 in. W. (a little hard to gauge because the flourishes at the end of the lines are not all exactly justified.)