Spanish, 1904–1989. Salvador Dali’s painting style wasn’t always in the mature form that it is remembered as today. Born Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí y Domenech, his academics in Madrid and Barcelona and Sigmund Freud’s erotic writings on subconscious imagery influenced his ideologies. Eventually, Dali made his mark as a Surrealist and a printmaker by exploring subconscious imagery. He created highly symbolic paintings that depicted the unconscious through his peculiar, dream-like imagery, as seen in his meticulously composed melting clocks in “The Persistence of Memory” (1931). He cultivated a personality that was as eccentric as his work, with a flamboyant moustache and outlandish behaviour.