Southeast Asia, Thailand, Sukhothai Kingdom, ca. 1200 to 1400 CE. A tall, olive-green, piriform bottle with a flat-tiered opening, a pair of small strap handles attached to its neck, and a minimalist incised motif across its top and lower registers. The surface has been beautifully glazed and has formed craquelure that covers portions of its surface. Several horizontal bands have been incised to its upper register accenting the area below its mouth, and three incisions run across its lower body. The narrow flat opening accents its silhouette rather nicely but also has the utilitarian function of minimizing spills and trapping liquids when needed. A lovely example! Size: 5.5" Diameter x 8.75" H (14 cm x 22.2 cm)
To create this ware, artisans apply a wash of slip (liquefied clay), which contains a high proportion of iron, to the body of the stoneware before glazing. The iron interacts with the glaze during the firing and colors it one of various shades of green. First made in China, celadon was exported to India, Persia, and Egypt in the Tang dynasty (618 to 907 CE), to most of Asia in the Song (960 to 1279 CE) and Ming (1368 to 1644 CE) dynasties, and to Europe in the 14th century. The ware was popular because of its beauty.
Thai celadons, influenced by Chinese wares, had a translucent glaze, usually grayish green and often crackled, over a grayish white body. Roughly incised vertical flutes were a common decoration. Other forms of decoration (usually floral motifs) were incised under the glaze. Common forms included covered bowls, dishes, ewers, and bottles with two small loop handles at the neck.
Provenance: ex-Ashland University Museum, Ashland, Ohio, USA
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Notable chipping and consequential encrustation to foot. Restoration to mid-section of vessel from middle of body to just underneath grooves on shoulder with professional resurfacing and overpainting. Presents very well!