Spanish Colonial, Mexico, ca. 19th century CE. Finely painted on heavy gauge tin a wonderful retablo depicting Nuestra Senora del Pueblo (Our Lady of the People) featuring the Virgin Mary dressed in beautiful jewel tone red and blue robes with golden and white embellishments, a golden crown with radiating rays of light and stars, clasping her hands in prayer, and floating in the celestial realm accompanied by the Holy Spirit in the form of a white dove. Below her is St. Francis of Assisi, dressed in blue robes with his white knotted cord belt, holding three orbs above him - perhaps reflecting his three vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience - and kneeling between a pair of angels in a field of blooming flowers. Size: 10" L x 7" W (25.4 cm x 17.8 cm)
The Virgin of the People (La Virgen del Pueblo) theme was very popular in the state of Queretaro, Mexico in the 19th century. For similar examples see "La Virgen del Pueblo" ca. 1875 in "Saints and Sinners: Mexican Devotional Art" (The California Heritage Museum, 2006, p. 23).
Provenance: private San Diego County, California, USA collection
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Expected surface wear with areas of oxidation and pigment loss as shown. Set on wooden mount that dates later than the retablo.