Ancient Greece, Geometric Period, ca. 8th to 7th century BCE. A gorgeous wheel-thrown offering vessel known as a "pyxis" with a flat base, a wheel-form body with a sloping shoulder, a thin rim with an overhanging ridge meant to hold a lid, and a thin, discoid lid with a squat conical handle. Matte cream-hued slip envelops both body and lid to provide a soft ground atop which red-slip decorations are presented. Such vermilion embellishments include concentric rings of varying widths on the body, shoulder, lid, and handle, with dense zigzagging registers on the upper and lower body, and much wider zigzags coursing across the midsection. The interior ridge and lid bear two pairs of drilled tie holes so both components could be cinched shut during transportation or burial. A fantastic example of ancient Greek Geometric artistry! Size (w/ lid): 6.5" W x 4.5" H (16.5 cm x 11.4 cm).
For a stylistically-similar example with more complex decorations, please see The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 48.11.5a, b: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254598
Another stylistically-similar example, of a larger size and with more complex geometric adornments, hammered for $18,750 at Christie's, New York "Antiquities Including Property from the Collection of Max Palevsky" auction (sale 2364, December 9, 2010, lot 93): https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/ancient-art-antiquities/a-greek-pottery-lidded-pyxis-geometric-period-5385399-details.aspx?from=searchresults&intObjectID=5385399&sid=03c333d1-a97f-4b57-bde4-83b24fa6284b
Provenance: private Alabama, USA collection; ex-Roy Green collection; ex-Royal-Athena Gallery, New York, USA; ex-private old French collection, acquired in the 1950s
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Lid is likely not original to the body based on positioning of drilled tie holes. Both lid and body have minor abrasions, with chips to underside and rim of lid as well as base and upper rim of body, light fading to original pigmentation, several small excisions on body, and heavy encrustations, otherwise intact and very good. Great earthen deposits and traces of original pigment throughout. Old inventory label and old inventory number written in graphite beneath base of body.