East Asia, Korea, Koryo Dynasty, ca. 10th to 13th century CE. A beautiful wheel-thrown, fluted, sage green vessel with a narrow conical neck that flares out triumphantly at its top to a small pinhole opening. The piriform structure of its body is slightly accented by gentle ridges that run vertically along its exterior, leveling flat as they rise to the neck - giving the globular form a more geometric aesthetic. The base is decoratively lined with a streak of white paint. The matte glazed porcelain surface has a wonderfully smooth, velvet-like feel. A truly exquisite example in excellent condition. Size: 4.5" Diameter x 7" H (11.4 cm x 17.8 cm)
To create this ware, artisans apply a wash of slip (liquefied clay), which contains a high proportion of iron, to the body of the stoneware before glazing. The iron interacts with the glaze during the firing and colors it one of various shades of green. First made in China, celadon was exported to India, Persia, and Egypt in the Tang dynasty (618 to 907), to most of Asia in the Song (960 to 1279) and Ming (1368 to 1644) dynasties, and to Europe in the 14th century. The ware was popular because of its beauty; the Chinese also valued it because it resembled jade. Adding to its popularity was a widely believed superstition suggesting that a celadon dish would break or change color if poisoned food were put into it.
Korean celadons of the Koryo period had a glaze that varied from bluish green to a putty color. Many of the forms were lobed, based on the melon or the gourd. Chinese potters, noted for originating the practice, fired their celadons in brick kilns, but Korean artisans used traditional mud kilns that effectively blocked the flow of oxygen to produce a brilliant celadon tone.
Wares were both mold-made and wheel thrown. An incision technique enabled the clay surface to be adorned with subtle linear designs. Korean potters adapted and refined celadon technology from China to create distinctively Korean ceramics revered by elites in Korea, China, and Japan alike.
Provenance: ex-Ashland University Museum, Ashland, Ohio, USA
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Surface wear commensurate with age. Excellent condition.