Pre-Columbian, Maya Territories, ca. 500 to 900 CE. A stone mirror of a perfectly circular form, adorned with the profile image of a deity - perhaps the Old God (Bacab or God N - the old god of the interior of the earth as well as thunder, also referred to as the sky-carrier) - in bas relief with red cinnabar rubbed on the surface to create gorgeous color and added depth of field - surrounded by a border. The deity wears an elaborate plumed headdress, earspool, and beaded necklace. His visage is quite dramatic with exaggeratedly large eyes, brows, and nose. Two perforations for attachment and/or suspension atop the headdress. Size: 4.875" in diameter (12.4 cm)
See a fabulous sculpture of a Maya mirror bearer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. A mirror would have been held by this figural bearer and used for divination. Mirrors were coveted objects, and mirror bearers would have presented such special reflective mirrors to powerful Maya figures for auguries. (https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/1979.206.1063/)
Provenance: private Lexington, Kentucky, USA collection; ex-private Castillo collection, acquired before 1968
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One section reattached with subtle break line. Expected surface wear with nicks to peripheries and high-pointed areas as shown. Liberal traces of red cinnabar remain. Nice pecking marks to verso.