Sat, Oct 15, 2016 10:00AM EDT - Sun, Oct 16, 2016 10:00AM EDT
Vicinity of General Tipton's Residence
Near Logansport, Indiana
oil on canvas
signed and titled on reverse (obscured by relining)
housed in period lemon gilt frame
17.5 x 24.5 in. (sight)
Accompanied by a provenance, exhibition, and condition letter, affixed to back of frame, by Paul G. North, Jr.
George Winter is known for his depictions of the Midwestern frontier, specifically of Indiana, where he settled in 1837 after living in Cincinnati, Ohio for two years. Winter's intentions were not merely artistic; his depictions of Indian scenes were meant to document the plight of the scorned and displaced Native populations.
This painting, a subtly rendered river landscape at sunset, depicts an encampment of Native Americans on the banks of the Wabash River near Logansport, in Central Indiana. John Tipton (1786-1839) was a US General and Senator, remembered for his participation in the battle of Tippecanoe in 1811 and his role in the Potawami Trail of Death, a displacement campaign which caused the forced migration of the Potawami people from their native Indiana to reservations in Kansas.
Winter was deeply moved by the displacement of Native American populations, and this painting, showing a lone tent camp at the end of day serves as metaphor for their removal.
Exhibited at the John Herron Art Institute, Indianapolis, Indiana (now part of the Indiana Museum of Art), in a show titled George Winter: Pioneer Artist of Indiana, November 5-December 10, 1939.
The Clarence and Mildred Long Collection of Indiana Artists, Zionsville, IN.
Purchased from Paul North in 1999.
Acquired by Paul North circa 1953 from the John Herron Art Institute, Indianapolis, Indiana (now part of the Indianapolis Museum of Art).
Previously part of the Ernst & Ernst Co. art collection.
Relined with wax, concealing signature and title purported to be in the back of the canvas. An image of the canvas verso prior to relining is included. Black light examination reveals spots of in-painting evenly distributed throughout canvas. Some wear to frame.