Tue, Jan 9, 2018 03:30PM EST - Mon, Jan 22, 2018 04:46PM EST
thread-sewn and beaded using colors of pea green, red white-heart, white, and dark blue; cuffs edged with polished cotton, length 10 in.
late 19th century
Possibly having belonged to Cream Antelope (Blackfoot, d. 1936).
John M. Phillips (1861-1953), a cunning engineer and industrialist, was a leading conservationist in Pittsburgh and the state of Pennsylvania. He expanded his love of nature and wildlife to the West and spent much time in British Columbia. In 1901, his passion for preservation resulted in the creation of the first game sanctuary of British Columbia, Goat Mountain Park.
Cream Antelope (Blackfoot, d. 1936) was a leader among the Blackfoot in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He became a focus of a federal expedition, in which Walter McClintock (1870-1949), a photographer for the US government, recorded Cream Antelope singing traditional songs and photographing him in front of his tipi. James Mooney describes Cream Antelope’s tipi, as the Thunder Tipi. The zigzag lines represent lightning, and is reference to the guardian spirit its original owner had received in a vision (Nabokov, Easton 1988: 161, 162)
Nabokov, Peter and Robert Easton. Native American Architecture. Oxford University Press: New York. 1989.
Cream Antelope Photos: Walter McClintock Papers, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Copyright Yale University
Provenance: Collected by John M. Phillips (1861-1953) and descended through the family.