The Aztec Club Framed Albumen Photograph, 1873, Including U.S. Grant and Other Noted Generals
Albumen photograph, 9.75 x 12.75 in. (sight), framed with the original printed label identifying all of the sitters, housed in a period gilt and gesso frame with modern professional matting, 27 x 31 in. overall. Label reads: The Aztec Club / Members and Guests present at the Anniversary Dinner given by the President, Gen'l ROBERT PATTERSON, at his residence, Sept. 16th, 1873. The members and guests include: Col. Charles I. Biddle; Gen. Z.B. Tower; Gen. Robert E. Patterson; Gov. M.L. Bonham; Gen. J.J. Abercrombie; Surg. John M. Cuyler; Maj. Gen. T.L. Alexander; Lt. Col. Fred D. Grant; Gen. O.E. Babcock; Capt. E.L.F. Hardcastle; Gen. Wm. F. Barry; Gen. Cadmus M. Wilcox; Gen. Fitz John Porter; Capt. Henry Coppee; Gen. Robert Patterson; Gen. Ulysses S. Grant; Gen. Geo. A.H. Blake; Gen. L.G. Barnard; Gen. O.L. Shepherd; and Gen. William H. French.
The Aztec Club was a military fraternity founded by officers of the US Army during the occupation of Mexico City in 1847. The original membership was an impressive group of 160 officers including future presidents Franklin Pierce and Ulysses S Grant, future Confederate Army generals Robert E. Lee, Joseph E. Johnston, and P.G.T. Beauregard, and other noteworthy US officers such as George B. McClellan, Joseph Hooker, Philip Kearny, and Jesse Reno. Membership was not expanded until 1871 when they admitted 127 more Mexican War veterans, most of whom had distinguished themselves commanding troops on either side of the Civil War, such as Union generals Sherman and Crittenden and CSA generals Longstreet and Buckner. Annual meetings were held at various sites throughout the country, but most often at the Philadelphia residence of club president Robert Patterson, as seen in the image offered here. The 1874 reunion the following year was hosted by President Grant at the White House, and Grant served as vice president of the organization from 1881 until his death.
Excellent. Not removed from frame for examination.