Late Archaic-Early Woodland Periods, ca. 4000-1000 B.C. Hancock County, Indiana 7 in.
Finely knapped of Harrison County, Indiana hornstone, this exceptional blade exhibits the classic banded "bullseye" pattern of a large nodule of this chert. A reddish stain -- probably red ochre -- permeates the more porous bands. An old collection number 344 is retained on one side of the blade, along with traces of cotton fiber and glue from an old mounting.
This fine Turkey Tail is from the famous Brandywine Creek Cache in Hancock County, Indiana. It is perhaps the finest of a cache of five found in 1911 by Charles B. Lowe. Lowe sold them to William B. Wilkinson, a local artifact collector. Wilkinson continued look on the site of their discovery and late found a small white quartzite birdstone, most likely from the Adena Culture. Earl C. Townsend gives a full account of the finding of this important cache in the Ohio Indian Relic Collectors Society, Bulletin 25 and again in his Birdstones of the North American Indian.
Collection History: Charles B. Lowe William B. Wilkinson, Fountaintown, IN Earl C. Townsend, Jr., Indianapolis, IN Jack Roberts, Tunica, MS Jan Sorgenfrei, Findlay, OH
Publications: Prehistoric Art, Greater St. Louis Archaeological Society, 1953, pg. 119 Birdstones of the North American Indian, Townsend, Earl C., Jr., 1959, pg. 191 Ohio Indian Relic Collectors Society, Bulletin No. 25, September 1950, page 43, inside back cover Legends of Prehistoric Art, Vol. 2, Onken, Bobby, 2011, pg. 545
Provenance: Ex Charles B. Lowe, finder;
Ex William B. Wilkinson, Fountaintown, IN;
Ex Earl C. Townsend, Jr., Indianapolis, IN;
Ex Jack Roberts, Tunica, MS;
From the Collection of Jan Sorgenfrei, Ohio