JORGE OTEIZA ENBIL (Orio, Guipúzcoa, 1908 - San Sebastián, 2003).
"Law of changes".
Chalks and cardboard.
Signed in the lower right area.
Measures: 47 x 267 cm; 77 x 297 cm (frame).
This work comes from the hand of "Experimental Purpose" created in 1957, with which Oteiza was awarded at the IV Biennial of Sao Paulo. From that work, Oteiza continued to reflect on creation, expression, and the phases of artistic development, resulting in the "Law of Changes". All his theories were exposed in his essays "Ideology and technique for a law of changes in art" of 1964 and "Art as a political school of awareness" of 1965. For Oteiza, this study on the law of changes was used as a creative resource that allowed him to theorize about artistic language and its evolutionary development.
Jorge Oteiza is one of the fundamental Basque artists of the 20th century, as well as one of the most influential. The echoes of his work are perceptible, from the fifties to the present day, in the work of numerous sculptors, painters and architects. Self-taught, Oteiza began his career making sculptures within the orbit of expressionism or primitivism initiated by Gauguin, Picasso and Derain. After a long stay in South America, the sculptor developed, both theoretically and practically, the foundations of his aesthetics, and brought out the "natural" sculptor in him, taking the necessary steps to become an artist in control of his mechanisms and tools. This intellectual adventure will be reflected in texts such as "Letter to the artists of America" (1944) or "The aesthetic interpretation of American megalithic statuary" (1952). During these years he taught at the School of Ceramics in Buenos Aires. At the end of the forties he returned to Spain, and in his work the influence of massive and monolithic sculpture underwent a process of dematerialization. In the early fifties, Oteiza is immersed in an abstract research, and begins what he calls his "Experimental Purpose" (1955), experimenting along the lines of constructivism. In 1957 he presented his work at the São Paulo Biennial, being awarded the extraordinary prize for sculpture. Two years later, understanding that he had reached his conclusive phase, Oteiza abandoned sculptural activity. During the sixties and seventies he devoted himself to researching the Basque language and the popular manifestations of his people. In 1988 he was awarded the Prince of Asturias Prize for the Arts. He is currently represented in the Jorge Oteiza Museum Foundation in Alzuza, the Reina Sofía National Art Center, the MACBA, the Guggenheim in Bilbao and New York, the Telefónica and Caixa Galicia Foundations and the Patio Herreriano Museum in Valladolid, among other public and private collections.