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Nov 15, 12:00PM EST to Nov 22, 07:00PM EST

Americana online

Auction ended

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427 Results
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  • Jess Blackstone Carved and Painted Chickadee
    Estimate
    $400 - $600
    Lot 1001

    Jess Blackstone Carved and Painted Chickadee

    Est.
    $400 - $600
  • Wooden Artist's Figure
    Estimate
    $200 - $250
    Lot 1002

    Wooden Artist's Figure

    Est.
    $200 - $250
  • Queen Anne Grain-painted Side Chair "1767,"
    Estimate
    $150 - $250
    Lot 1003

    Queen Anne Grain-painted Side Chair "1767,"

    Est.
    $150 - $250
  • American School, Late 19th Century
    Estimate
    $4,000 - $6,000
    Lot 1004

    American School, Late 19th Century

    Est.
    $4,000 - $6,000
  • American School, 19th Century
    Estimate
    $300 - $500
    Lot 1005

    American School, 19th Century

    Est.
    $300 - $500
  • Small Watercolor on Paper Landscape with Bridge
    Estimate
    $300 - $500
    Lot 1006

    Small Watercolor on Paper Landscape with Bridge

    Est.
    $300 - $500
  • Charles Edwin Lewis Green (Massachusetts, 1844-1915)
    Estimate
    $2,500 - $3,500
    Lot 1007

    Charles Edwin Lewis Green (Massachusetts, 1844-1915)

    Est.
    $2,500 - $3,500
  • Federal Mahogany and Flame Birch Veneer Bowfront Chest of Drawers
    Estimate
    $4,000 - $6,000
    Lot 1008

    Federal Mahogany and Flame Birch Veneer Bowfront Chest ...

    Est.
    $4,000 - $6,000
  • Diminutive Figured Maple Inlaid Corner Cupboard
    Estimate
    $2,500 - $3,500
    Lot 1009

    Diminutive Figured Maple Inlaid Corner Cupboard

    Est.
    $2,500 - $3,500
  • Two Pear-form Fruitwood Tea Caddies
    Estimate
    $600 - $800
    Lot 1010

    Two Pear-form Fruitwood Tea Caddies

    Est.
    $600 - $800
  • Paul Revere Jr, Coin Silver Tongs
    Estimate
    $800 - $1,200
    Lot 1011

    Paul Revere Jr, Coin Silver Tongs

    Est.
    $800 - $1,200
  • Pair of Blown and Etched Colorless Glass Hurricane Globes
    Estimate
    $1,000 - $1,500
    Lot 1012

    Pair of Blown and Etched Colorless Glass Hurricane Glob...

    Est.
    $1,000 - $1,500
  • Cut Crystal Footed Punch Bowl
    Estimate
    $300 - $500
    Lot 1013

    Cut Crystal Footed Punch Bowl

    Est.
    $300 - $500
  • Classical Carved Mahogany Footstool
    Estimate
    $600 - $800
    Lot 1014

    Classical Carved Mahogany Footstool

    Est.
    $600 - $800
  • Needlework Memorial Picture
    Estimate
    $800 - $1,200
    Lot 1015

    Needlework Memorial Picture

    Est.
    $800 - $1,200
  • Red-painted Glazed Hanging Cabinet
    Estimate
    $1,500 - $2,500
    Lot 1016

    Red-painted Glazed Hanging Cabinet

    Est.
    $1,500 - $2,500
  • Large Green Pantry Box
    Estimate
    $600 - $800
    Lot 1017

    Large Green Pantry Box

    Est.
    $600 - $800
  • Small Red-painted Desk
    Estimate
    $4,000 - $6,000
    Lot 1018

    Small Red-painted Desk

    Est.
    $4,000 - $6,000
  • Red-painted Hourglass
    Estimate
    $400 - $600
    Lot 1019

    Red-painted Hourglass

    Est.
    $400 - $600
  • Punchwork-decorated Tin Teapot
    Estimate
    $1,000 - $1,500
    Lot 1020

    Punchwork-decorated Tin Teapot

    Est.
    $1,000 - $1,500
  • Charcoal Sandpaper Picture of Boston Common
    Estimate
    $600 - $800
    Lot 1021

    Charcoal Sandpaper Picture of Boston Common

    Est.
    $600 - $800
  • Pair of Reverse-painted Export Portraits of Young Women
    Estimate
    $400 - $600
    Lot 1022

    Pair of Reverse-painted Export Portraits of Young Women...

    Est.
    $400 - $600
  • Rose Mandarin Export Porcelain Vase and Cover
    Estimate
    $2,000 - $4,000
    Lot 1023

    Rose Mandarin Export Porcelain Vase and Cover

    Est.
    $2,000 - $4,000
  • Blue and White Export Porcelain Platter
    Estimate
    $300 - $500
    Lot 1024

    Blue and White Export Porcelain Platter

    Est.
    $300 - $500
  • Export Porcelain Blue and White Octagonal Platter
    Estimate
    $1,000 - $1,500
    Lot 1025

    Export Porcelain Blue and White Octagonal Platter

    Est.
    $1,000 - $1,500
  • Staffordshire Creamware and Tortoiseshell-glazed Dinner Plate
    Estimate
    $200 - $300
    Lot 1026

    Staffordshire Creamware and Tortoiseshell-glazed Dinner...

    Est.
    $200 - $300
  • Blue Speckled Slip-decorated Pearlware Punch Pot
    Estimate
    $600 - $800
    Lot 1027

    Blue Speckled Slip-decorated Pearlware Punch Pot

    Est.
    $600 - $800
  • Blue Transfer-decorated Fruit Bowl and Underplate
    Estimate
    $200 - $400
    Lot 1028

    Blue Transfer-decorated Fruit Bowl and Underplate

    Est.
    $200 - $400
  • Salesman's Model of the Howard Plow
    Estimate
    $1,000 - $1,500
    Lot 1029

    Salesman's Model of the Howard Plow

    Est.
    $1,000 - $1,500
  • Copper Architectural Finial
    Estimate
    $400 - $600
    Lot 1030

    Copper Architectural Finial

    Est.
    $400 - $600
  • Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore Pewter-rim Medallion
    Estimate
    $800 - $1,200
    Lot 1031

    Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore Pewter-rim Medallio...

    Est.
    $800 - $1,200
  • Sand Picture in a Bottle "Capt. LYMAN HUNT, COMMANDER, CITY OF DULUTH,"
    Estimate
    $50,000 - $75,000
    Lot 1032

    Sand Picture in a Bottle "Capt. LYMAN HUNT, COMMANDER, ...

    Est.
    $50,000 - $75,000
  • Patriotic Sand Picture in a Bottle with Irish Red and White Setter Dog and "Christmas,"
    Estimate
    $50,000 - $75,000
    Lot 1033

    Patriotic Sand Picture in a Bottle with Irish Red and W...

    Est.
    $50,000 - $75,000
  • Patriotic Sand Picture in a Bottle with Ship Wm. H. Cook and Eagle
    Estimate
    $20,000 - $30,000
    Lot 1034

    Patriotic Sand Picture in a Bottle with Ship Wm. H. Coo...

    Est.
    $20,000 - $30,000
  • Transfer-decorated Liverpool-type "Ship Caroline" Pitcher
    Estimate
    $300 - $400
    Lot 1035

    Transfer-decorated Liverpool-type "Ship Caroline" Pitch...

    Est.
    $300 - $400
  • Staffordshire Historical Blue Transfer-decorated "Landing of General Lafayette at Castle Garden, New York, August, 1824" Vegetable Bowl
    Estimate
    $600 - $800
    Lot 1036

    Staffordshire Historical Blue Transfer-decorated "Landi...

    Est.
    $600 - $800
  • Charles C. Wood (American, 19th Century)
    Estimate
    $600 - $800
    Lot 1037

    Charles C. Wood (American, 19th Century)

    Est.
    $600 - $800
  • American School, 19th Century
    Estimate
    $300 - $500
    Lot 1038

    American School, 19th Century

    Est.
    $300 - $500
  • Antonio Nicolo Gasparo Jacobsen (New York/New Jersey/Denmark, 1850-1921)
    Estimate
    $15,000 - $20,000
    Lot 1039

    Antonio Nicolo Gasparo Jacobsen (New York/New Jersey/De...

    Est.
    $15,000 - $20,000
  • Antonio Nicolo Gasparo Jacobsen (New York/New Jersey, 1850-1921)
    Estimate
    $3,500 - $5,500
    Lot 1040

    Antonio Nicolo Gasparo Jacobsen (New York/New Jersey, 1...

    Est.
    $3,500 - $5,500
  • Attributed to Clement Drew (Massachusetts, 1806-1889)
    Estimate
    $600 - $800
    Lot 1041

    Attributed to Clement Drew (Massachusetts, 1806-1889)

    Est.
    $600 - $800
  • Painted Shadowbox Diorama of a Ship off Shore
    Estimate
    $700 - $900
    Lot 1042

    Painted Shadowbox Diorama of a Ship off Shore

    Est.
    $700 - $900
  • Paint-decorated Sea Chest
    Estimate
    $800 - $1,200
    Lot 1043

    Paint-decorated Sea Chest

    Est.
    $800 - $1,200
  • Scrimshaw-decorated Whale's Tooth
    Estimate
    $2,000 - $4,000
    Lot 1044

    Scrimshaw-decorated Whale's Tooth

    Est.
    $2,000 - $4,000
  • Scrimshaw-decorated Whale's Tooth
    Estimate
    $800 - $1,200
    Lot 1045

    Scrimshaw-decorated Whale's Tooth

    Est.
    $800 - $1,200
  • Scrimshaw-decorated Whale's Tooth
    Estimate
    $800 - $1,200
    Lot 1046

    Scrimshaw-decorated Whale's Tooth

    Est.
    $800 - $1,200
  • Three Coconut Items
    Estimate
    $100 - $150
    Lot 1047

    Three Coconut Items

    Est.
    $100 - $150
  • Chelsea Brass and Mahogany Ship's Bell Clock
    Estimate
    $200 - $400
    Lot 1048

    Chelsea Brass and Mahogany Ship's Bell Clock

    Est.
    $200 - $400

Auction Description

Americana online by Skinner
Our November online Americana auction features an exciting variety of items for anyone with an interest in the decorative arts of historic America—passionate collectors and curious newcomers alike. Skinner is proud to offer three meticulously crafted Andrew Clemens sand bottles, along with a collection of superior Chinese export porcelain, full of unique pieces that represent the finest of decorative arts bound for Western markets. From bold, classic, maritime paintings to vibrantly colored Sandwich glass and slip-decorated wares, Skinner invites you to immerse yourself in the unique material history of our nation. Contact Us General Inquiries 508.970.3211 support@skinnerinc.com Department Specialists 508.970.3200 americana@skinnerinc.com Read more
Skinner
Marlborough, MA 01752
United States

bidsquare@skinnerinc.com

Phone:+16173505400

Buyer’s Premium

Start Premium (%)
$0 25.00

Bid Increments

Start Increments ($)
$0 $10
$200 $25
$500 $50
$1,000 $100
$3,000 $250
$5,000 $500
$10,000 $1,000
$30,000 $2,500

Shipping Info

Please visit http://www.skinnerinc.com/services/payment-and-shipping/ for information regarding the collection of items purchased at auction. 

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Terms & Conditions

Please visit https://www.skinnerinc.com/connect/conditions-of-sale/ for the Conditions of Sale. 

A. Conditions of Sale 1. Some of the lots in this sale are offered subject to a reserve. The reserve is a confidential minimum price agreed upon by the consignor and Skinner, Inc. below which the lot will not be sold. In most cases, the reserve will be set below the estimated range, but in no case will it exceed the estimates listed. A representative of Skinner, Inc. will execute such reserves by bidding for the consignor. In any event and whether or not a lot is subject to a reserve, the auctioneer may reject any bid or raise not commensurate with the value of such lot. 2. All property is sold “as is,” and neither the auctioneer nor any consignor makes any warranties or representation of any kind or nature with respect to the property, and in no event shall they be responsible for the correctness, nor deemed to have made any representation or warranty, of description, genuineness, authorship, attribution, provenance, period, culture, source, origin, or condition of the property and no statement made at the sale, or in the bill of sale, or invoice or elsewhere shall be deemed such a warranty of representation or an assumption of liability. 3. Except as provided in paragraph 1 above, the highest bidder as determined by the auctioneer shall be the purchaser. In the case of a disputed bid, the auctioneer shall have sole discretion in determining the purchaser and may also, at his or her election, withdraw the lot or reoffer the lot for sale. The auctioneer shall have sole discretion to refuse any bid, or refuse to acknowledge any bidder. Any bidder that plans on spending in excess of $100,000 should make arrangements with the accounting department at least five (5) days in advance of the sale, as a deposit may be required to participate. 4. All merchandise purchased must be paid for and removed from the premises the day of the auction. Skinner Inc. may impose, and the purchaser agrees to pay, a monthly interest charge of 1.5% of the purchase price of any lot or item lot not paid for within thirty-five (35) days of the date of sale. Skinner, Inc. shall have no liability for any damage or loss to property left on its premises for more than seven (7) days from the date of sale. If any property has not been removed within seven (7) days from the date of sale, at the option of Skinner, Inc. (a) Skinner Inc. reserves the right to charge a minimum storage fee of $10 per lot per day, and may impose, and the purchaser agrees to pay, a monthly storage charge of 1.5% of the purchase price of any lot or portion of a lot not removed within the seven (7) days, and/or (b) Skinner Inc. may place the merchandise in a subsequent auction, without Reserve, to be sold to the highest bidder, and after deducting the standard commission and any additional charges that may apply, remit the proceeds to the purchaser. 5. Skinner accepts cash or check for payment. Personal checks will be acceptable only if credit has been established with Skinner, Inc. or if a bank authorization has been received guaranteeing a personal check. Skinner, Inc. reserves the right to hold merchandise purchased by personal check until the check has cleared the bank. The purchaser agrees to pay Skinner, Inc. a handling charge of $25.00 for any check dishonored by the drawee. Please contact Accounting for additional payment methods. Skinner does not accept payment by credit card for merchandise purchases. 6. If the purchaser breaches any of its obligations under these Conditions of Sale, including its obligation to pay in full the purchase price of all items for which it was the highest successful bidder, Skinner Inc. may exercise all of its rights and remedies under the law including, without limitation, (a) canceling the sale and applying any payments made by the purchaser to the damages caused by the purchaser’s breach, and/or (b) offering at public auction, without reserve, any lot or item for which the purchaser has breached any of its obligations, including its obligation to pay in full the purchase price, holding the purchaser liable for any deficiency plus all costs of sale. 7. In no event will the liability of Skinner, Inc. to any purchaser with respect to any item exceed the purchase price actually paid by such purchaser for such item. 8. Shipping is the responsibility of the purchaser. Upon request, our staff will provide the list of shippers who deliver to destinations within the United States and overseas. Some property that is sold at auction can be subject to laws governing export from the U.S., such as items that include material from some endangered species. Import restrictions from foreign countries are subject to these same governing laws. Granting of licensing for import or export of goods from local authorities is the sole responsibility of the buyer. Denial or delay of licensing will not constitute cancellation or delay in payment for the total purchase price of these lots. 9. Sales in Massachusetts, Florida, New York, and Maine are subject to the respective current sales taxes. Dealers, museums, and other qualifying parties may be exempt from sales tax upon submission of proper documentation. 10. A premium equal to 25% of the final bid price up to and including $250,000, plus 20% of the final bid price from $250,001 up to and including $3,000,000, plus 12% of the final bid price from $3,000,001 and over will be applied to each lot sold, to be paid by the buyer as part of the purchase price. 11. Bidding on any item indicates your acceptance of these terms and all other terms printed within, posted, and announced at the time of sale whether bidding in person, through a representative, by phone, by Internet, or other absentee bid. 12. Skinner, Inc. and its consignors make no warranty or representation, express or implied, that the purchaser will acquire any copyright or reproduction rights to any lot sold. Skinner, Inc. expressly reserves the right to reproduce any image of the lots sold in this catalog. The copyright in all images, illustrations and written material produced by or for Skinner, Inc. relating to a lot, including the contents of this catalog, is, and shall remain at all times, the property of Skinner, Inc. and shall not be used by the purchaser, nor by anyone else, without our prior written consent. 13. These conditions of sale shall be governed by the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts (excluding the laws applicable to conflicts or choice of law). The buyer/bidder agrees that any suit for the enforcement of this agreement may be brought, and any action against Skinner in connection with the transactions contemplated by this agreement shall be brought, in the courts of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts or any federal court sitting therein. The bidder/buyer consents to the exclusive jurisdiction of such courts and waives objections that it may now or hereafter have to the venue of any such suit. B. Skinner, Inc. & Lower Falls Wine Co. Conditions of Sale – Fine Wines/Fine Wines – Online Auction 1. All bidders and buyers of wine must be at least 21 years of age and shall present satisfying legal documentation of this at auction. In the event the buyer is a partnership or corporate entity, the receiver of the wine shall furnish proof fulfilling this criteria. 2. Some of the lots in this sale are offered subject to a reserve. The reserve is a confidential minimum price agreed upon by the consignor and Skinner, Inc., below which the lot will not be sold. In most cases, the reserve will be set below the estimated range, but in no case will it exceed the estimates listed. A representative of Skinner, Inc. will execute such reserves by bidding for the consignor. In any event, and whether or not a lot is subject to a reserve, Skinner, Inc. and Lower Falls Wine Co. may reject any bid or raise not commensurate with the value of such lot. 3. All property is sold “as is,” and neither Skinner, Inc. and Lower Falls Wine Co. nor any consignor makes any warranties or representation or any kind or nature with respect to the property, and in no event shall they be responsible for the correctness, nor deemed to have made any representation or warranty, or description, genuineness, authorship, attribution, provenance, period, culture, source, origin, or condition of the property and no statement made at the sale, or in the bill of sale, or invoice, or in the catalog, or elsewhere shall be deemed such a warranty of representation or an assumption of liability. Prospective buyers are urged to inspect those lots they have interest in. 4. Except as provided in paragraph 1 above, the highest bidder as determined by Skinner, Inc. shall be the purchaser. In the case of a disputed bid, the auctioneer shall have sole discretion in determining the purchaser and may also, at his or her election, withdraw the lot or reoffer the lot for sale. The auctioneer shall have sole discretion to refuse any bid, or refuse to acknowledge any bidder. Please note Massachusetts state law requires all purchasers of alcoholic beverages be at least 21 years of age. Any bidder that plans on spending in excess of $100,000 should make arrangements with the accounting department at least five (5) days in advance of the sale, as a deposit may be required to participate. 5. All merchandise purchased is payable directly to Skinner Inc., and must be paid for the day of the auction. All merchandise must be removed from Lower Falls Wine Co. within forty five (45) days of the auction, and in no event shall Skinner Inc. or Lower Falls Wine Co. have any liability for any damage to property left on its premises for more than fourteen (14) days after the sale. Lower Falls Wine Co. may impose, and the purchaser agrees to pay, a monthly storage fee per lot as determined by Lower Falls Wine Co. (see Collection of Wines). If any property has not been removed within forty five (45) days from the date of sale, at the option of Skinner, Inc. and Lower Falls Wine Co. (a) the merchandise may be transferred to and stored at a bonded warehouse and the purchaser agrees to pay all transfer and storage expenses, and/or (b) Skinner Inc. and Lower Falls Wine Co. may place the merchandise in a subsequent auction, without Reserve, to be sold to the highest bidder, and after deducting the standard commission and any additional charges that may apply, remit the proceeds to the purchaser. 6. Acceptable forms of payment are cash, good check, or wire transfers, payable in U.S. dollars. Checks will be acceptable only if credit has been established with Skinner or if a bank authorization has been received guaranteeing the check. Skinner, Inc. and Lower Falls Wine Co. reserve the right to hold merchandise purchased until the funds have cleared the bank. The purchaser agrees to pay Skinner and/or Lower Falls Wine Co. a handling charge of $25.00 for any check dishonored by the drawee. 7. If the purchaser breaches any of its obligations under these Conditions of Sale, including its obligation to pay in full the purchase price of all items for which it was the highest successful bidder, Skinner Inc. and Lower Falls Wine Co. may exercise all of its rights and remedies under the law including, without limitation, (a) canceling the sale and applying any payments made by the purchaser to the damages caused by the purchaser’s breach, and/or (b) offering at public auction, without reserve, any lot or item for which the purchaser has breached any of its obligations, including its obligation to pay in full the purchase price, holding the purchaser liable for any deficiency plus all costs of sale. 8. In no event will the liability of Skinner, Inc. and Lower Falls Wine Co. to any purchaser with respect to any item exceed the purchase price actually paid by such purchaser for such item. 9. Lower Falls Wine Co. may, in their discretion and at purchaser’s request, package and arrange for delivery as directed by the purchaser. In such event, purchaser agrees that (a) all such packaging, handling and delivery is at the sole risk of the purchaser and that Skinner, Inc. and Lower Falls Wine Co. shall have no liability for any loss or damage to such items, and (b) purchaser shall pay in advance, all packaging expenses, including labor, materials, carriers fees and all insurance charges. Please arrange seventy-two (72) hours in advance for collection and delivery. Purchaser shall make itself aware of the limitations and restrictions imposed by various states in regards to the transportation and importation of alcoholic beverages and purchaser has the sole responsibility to research and comply with all permit and licensing requirements. Neither Skinner, Inc. nor Lower Falls Wine Co. shall be responsible for obtaining any permits or licenses on behalf of purchaser and no sale shall be cancelled or refunded for lack of purchaser’s noncompliance with permitting and licensing issues. (Please see Collection of Wines) 10. A premium equal to 25% of the final bid price up to and including $250,000, plus 20% of the final bid price from $250,001 up to and including $3,000,000, plus 12% of the final bid price from $3,000,001 and over will be applied to each lot sold, to be paid by the buyer as part of the purchase price. 11. Bidding on any item indicates your acceptance of these terms and all other terms printed within, posted, and announced at the time of sale whether bidding in person, through a representative, by phone, by Internet, or other absentee bid. 12. Skinner, Inc. and its consignors make no warranty or representation, express or implied, that the purchaser will acquire any copyright or reproduction rights to any lot sold. Skinner, Inc. expressly reserves the right to reproduce any image of the lots sold in this catalog. The copyright in all images, illustrations and written material produced by or for Skinner, Inc. relating to a lot, including the contents of this catalog, is, and shall remain at all times, the property of Skinner, Inc. and shall not be used by the purchaser, nor by anyone else, without our prior written consent. 13. These conditions of sale shall be governed by the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts (excluding the laws applicable to conflicts or choice of law). The buyer/bidder agrees that any suit for the enforcement of this agreement may be brought, and any action against Skinner in connection with the transactions contemplated by this agreement shall be brought, in the courts of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts or any federal court sitting therein. The bidder/buyer consents to the exclusive jurisdiction of such courts and waives objections that it may now or hereafter have to the venue of any such suit. C. Firearms 1. Post-1898 firearms must be registered in compliance with federal law. 2. Federal Firearms License purchases only. 3. To purchase with a Curio & Relic License, the gun must be listed as acceptable on the ATF list for collectors of curios. www.atf.gov/sites/default/files/assets/pdf-files/p-5300-11-firearms-curios-or-relics-list.pdf 4. Bidder must provide FFL information upon registration to bid. We highly recommend registering in advance, please contact William Madden at 508.970.3283. 5. Bidders who do not have a valid FFL must provide Skinner with a license for an FFL transfer agent upon registering to bid, and upon receipt of the agent’s FFL, the firearm must be shipped to the transfer agent, not the buyer/winner of the auction. 6. A transfer agent can charge for handling the transfer. It is the buyer/winner’s responsibility to pay for and make arrangements for an agent prior to registering to bid. CONDITION OF FIREARMS AND ANTIQUE ARMS. Skinner, Inc. (“Skinner”) makes no warranties or representations whatsoever, and no employee or consultant of Skinner, Inc. has the authority to make any warranties or representations, concerning any firearms or antique arms, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES REGARDING MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE OR PURPOSE, as well as any express or implied warranties or representations regarding the operation, condition, reliability, safety to store or transport, or legality to purchase, own, store, transport or resell any firearms or antique arms. Use of any firearms or antique arms purchased at Skinner is entirely at the user’s risk. Skinner recommends that all weapons purchased at auction be examined by a competent gunsmith. Skinner disclaims any liability whatsoever for accident, injury or damage resulting to any person or property from the purchase, sale, transport, storage or use of any firearms or antique arms purchased through Skinner. All other Terms & Conditions of Sale at Skinner remain applicable, please refer to Conditions of Sale