Ancient Egypt, Pre-Dynastic Period, Naqada II to III, ca. 3200 to 3000 BCE. A hand-built Nile silt pottery bowl with highly burnished surfaces, a lightly rounded but stable base, gradually expanding walls, a thin, slightly flared rim, and a deep basin enveloped in a thick layer of carbon deposits that creates a jet-black hue. Bowls like this example created during the Naqada II period were made with abundant Nile silt pottery. However, artisans during the later Naqada III period found that marl clay - a mixture of clay and lime powder - was easier to form, required higher temperatures which allowed for more control over the kiln environment, and were more receptive to applied decorations. Size: 11.6" W x 5.875" H (29.5 cm x 14.9 cm)
Provenance: private Orange County, California, USA collection acquired before 2000
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Repaired from multiple pieces with one area of loss, and chips and light adhesive residue along break lines. Abrasions and nicks to base, body, and rim, with light fading to red and black pigment. Nice earthen deposits throughout.