29.5" blade with etched panels. On one side is CS and on the other side in military motifs is the name George Schwartz. By the designs of the guard this sword was undoubtedly made by the Memphis Novelty Works (Leech & Rigdon) in late 1861 to mid-1862 either in Memphis, Tennessee or at the Novelty Works factory located in Columbus, Mississippi. While not unknown in other examples of Leech & Rigdon Foot Officers swords, the blade on this specific example has a "blood gutter" running the full length of the upper edge of the blade, as well as a stopped fuller. No scabbard. Brass knuckle bow with floral designs and CS in an oval on top of the guard on the left side. Leather and brass wire wrapped handle. Floral designs on the brass pommel.
Research in Civil War personnel databases shows only one George Schwartz who served as an officer in the Confederate Army. He enlisted as a Sergeant in Co. G, 8th Alabama Infantry and was subsequently promoted to 2nd Lieutenant. His regiment was among the first to be enlisted for the war and was organized at Montgomery, Alabama, in May, 1861. Its members were recruited in Mobile, Perry, Dallas, Butler, and Coosa counties. Ordered to Virginia, it was assigned to the Department of the Peninsula, then served under Generals Pryor, Wilcox, Perrin, Sanders, and W.H. Forney, Army of Northern Virginia.
The 8th took an active part in many campaigns from Williamsburg to Cold Harbor, was involved in the siege south of the James River, and ended the war at Appomattox. During April, 1862, it contained 800 effectives, but lost forty-seven percent of the 350 engaged at Gaines' Mill and fifty-one percent of the 180 at Frayser's Farm. The unit reported 75 casualties during the Maryland Campaign, 56 at Chancellorsville, and more than 240 at Gettysburg. It surrendered with 16 officers and 153 men.
Albaugh, William A. III, "Confederate Edged Weapons," Harper & Brothers, New York (1960). Pages 76-81.
Albaugh, William A. III, "A Photographic Supplement of Confederate Swords," Privately Published (1963). Page 122.
Brass has almost a black patina. Leather has some scuffing. Etched panels are thin but readable. Blade is mostly a brown patina mixing with some stains and pitting.