crafted from dense slate with a wide tapering bowl and slightly pronounced anterior projection; Fort Leavenworth 1846 is inscribed on the large and angled crest, length 7.75 in.; wood stem has a slight taper and five triangular forms carved in relief; these forms may represent the pileated woodpecker, symbolic of holiness and sincerity (Walker 1992: 106); Fort Leavenworth/ N Caforir(?) Territory/ 1846 inked on reverse, overall length 30.75 in. mid-19th century
cf. Walker, James R. Lakota Society. University of Nebraska Press, 1992.