British, b.1966 / b.1962. Lakovos "Jake" (born 1966) and Konstantinos "Dinos" (born 1962) are British visual artists, often referred to as the Chapman Brothers. They are best known for their often controversial and deliberately shocking sculptures using plastic models or fiberglass mannequins. Odd and intense scenes ranging from gruesome Nazi soldiers to disturbing, derivative works based on Francisco Goya’s series of etchings, ‘The Disasters of War’ have become infamous works for the powerful collaborative duo. Dinos studied at the Ravensbourne College of Art (1980–83), Jake at the North East London Polytechnic(1985–88) before enrolling together at the Royal College of Art (1988–90), when they also worked as assistants to the artists Gilbert and George. Their works can be found in the collections of The Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Tate Gallery in London, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, D.C., and the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis, among others.