German, 1891–1969. Otto Dix was a member of the New Objectivity movement, known for his grotesque portraits and macabre visions that screamed of the social and political realities of World War 1. Dix saw painting as a measure to release the chaos within him, which he believed was also prevalent in the world. After returning from the war, he studied art and matured his style, heavily influenced by the Northern Renaissance artists. Unlike other artists who fled the country, Dix stayed in Germany during the Second World War. Surviving the Nazi regime, he painted landscapes and conventional Christian themed art and amassed critical acclaim even after the war.