French, 1885–1941. The French artist, Robert Delaunay, was born to an affluent family on April 12 and was influenced by French Post-Impressionist artist, Henri Rousseau, to commence his association with art. His paintings played an important role in the transition from Cubism to lyrical abstraction. The techniques of Delaunay and his wife Sonia adopted fragments of Cubism and transformed them by instilling a more sensual and an effervescent quality. Their style was christened by the poet Guillaume Apollinaire as Orphism. Delaunay, in what he called his destructive phase, explored the potential of light to disintegrate a solid structure as seen in his series ""Eiffel Tower"" (1910-12).