American, 1882-1967. Edward Hopper was born in Nyack, New York, to a middle-class family that encouraged his artistic abilities. He studied briefly at the Correspondence School of Illustrating in New York City (1899–1900), and then he enrolled in classes at the New York School of Art (1900–1906). In his shift from illustration to the fine arts, he studied with William Merritt Chase, who exhorted his students to paint the everyday conditions of their own world in a realistic manner. Hopper would struggle for recognition during his early career in the 1910's and would eventually gain critical acclaim by the Museum of Modern Art in 1933 as as the subject of a retrospective exhibition. He is celebrated for his mature style and vacant, urban settings seen most famously in his painting, Nighthawks (1942). In 2018, after the death of art collector Barney A. Ebsworth and subsequent auction of many of the pieces from his collection, Chop Suey (1929) was sold for $92 million, becoming the most expensive of Hopper's work ever bought at auction. Hoppers works have been exhibited by major museums such as the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Tate Modern, the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and many others.