French, 1869-1954. Henri Matisse is one of the most influential artists of the 20th-century. He is best known for his expressive color, fluidity, and Fauvist style. In his career spanning six decades, Matisse worked in all mediums, from printmaking to sculpture to painting. Although he is best known for his paintings, his vast oeuvre encompassed drawing, sculpture, etchings, draughtsmanship, book illustration, and paper cutouts. He worked on varied subjects including still life, landscape, portraiture, domestic, and studio interiors. He focussed, particularly on the female figure. Among his highly acclaimed works are the series of five “Jeannette heads” (1910–16), the “Large Seated Nude” (1925–29), and the series of four “Back reliefs” (1903–31).