French, 1901-1985. Despite his academic training as a painter, French painter and sculptor, Jean Dubuffet dedicated his youth to his father’s wine business. It wasn’t until the age of 40, that he returned to painting and started developing art in earnest, using unorthodox materials, techniques and media. In his paintings, he adopted the term Art Brut, which referred to the art of children, prisoners and the mentally ill. Through his paintings, he wanted to discard the conventional beliefs of beauty and propagated more natural and elementary emotions. His proficiency in printmaking can be seen in Phenomena, a group of 362 lithographs which elicit natural states, textures and surfaces.