French, 1848–1903. Paul Gauguin was a French Post-Impressionist artist who referred to his work as Synthetism to distinguish it from Impressionism; a style pioneered by him, which focused on the portrayal of a central idea or feeling of the subject instead of a particular characteristic. Paul Gauguin’s experimental use of colors earned him recognition but not until after his death. Many avant-garde developments in the early 20th century are attributed to his artistic experiments in painting, sculpture, ceramics and engraving. Gauguin propagated the idea of Art is an Abstraction among his followers, which urged them to rely more on their memory than direct observation.