American, b. 1937. Robert Mangold is an American Minimalist artist who uses his abstract paintings as a complex, yet a meditative tool for his viewers. Mangold’s work focuses on the fundamentals of geometry and abstraction and intertwining them to give an experiential depth to flat two-dimensional paintings. The symbolism of his early works features asymmetrical canvases spray-painted in toned-down browns and tans. Mangold, in his art, combines two or more inadequate shapes, which in themselves may be complete but would have seemed incomplete had all the pieces of the painting not be aligned.