German, 1884–1950. Max Beckmann was an eminent figure of Expressionist and New Objectivity movements of art. His modern art lent fantastic imagery to realistic compositions of strange women and corrupt businessman in the company of nightmarish creatures. Beckmann served as a medic during the First World War and the traumas that he witnessed at those times attributed to the development of his signature depictions of the grotesque aspects of human tragedy, like in his self-portrait Self-Portrait With Horn painted in 1938 after he fled Nazi Germany. His illustrations constituted actors, cabaret singers, heroes and thugs, set in the context of a post-urban life. Beckmann often made his self-portraits a part of these gatherings, costumed yet recognizable because of the grotesque portrayal.